Glaucoma

Ophthalmology eyesight diagnostic concept. Modern eye test machine equipment in ophthalmology clinic

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a common name for a group of eye disorders that affect the optic nerve. The optic nerve is located in the back of the eye, which is responsible for transmitting information from the eye to the brain. Infection of this nerve can lead to vision loss.

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, whose health is essential for good vision. This damage in your eyes is often caused by abnormally high pressure.

Glaucoma or glaucoma with high intraocular pressure. All names reflect damage caused by laceration in the nerves of the eye due to high pressure inside the eye. What are the causes and how can they be treated?

Glaucoma is one of the most important causes of blindness in people over 60 years of age. The disease may appear at any age, but is more common in adults.

Most cases of glaucoma have no signs, the effect starts gradually so that you may not notice a change in vision until the disease reaches an advanced stage.

 Since glaucoma-related vision loss cannot be restored, it is necessary to have regular eye examinations that include measures of your eye pressure so that an early diagnosis can be made and treated correctly.

If glaucoma is detected early, vision loss may be slowed or stopped. You will need medications for the rest of your life if you suffer from this disease.

What are the sections of glaucoma?

Primary glaucoma:

It has no obvious cause, so it can not be prevented or even pay attention to the possibility of infection, often infected or born by children.

Satisfactory glaucoma:Ophthalmology eyesight diagnostic concept. Modern eye test machine equipment in clinic

This situation is caused by several factors and causes, most notably:

  •       Take high doses of corticosteroids, whether medicinal or topical.
  •       Adhesions in the eye.
  •       Recurrent viral infection that causes closure of the anterior eye wallet.
  •       Long-term neglect to treat white eye water.
  •       Exposure to infections with iris.
  •       Due to some treatment and processes, such as retinal detachment or vitreous removal or cataract removal.
  •       Infection of bacteria or viruses inside the eye.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

  •       Headache and headache.
  •       Blurring in the eyes.
  •       Sensation of pulse in the eye.
  •       Inability to open the eye in the sun or light.
  •       Redness of the eye.
  •       Eye pain.
  •       Secretion of tears significantly.

What are the types of glaucoma?

  •       Open-angle glaucoma.
  •       Narrow-angle glaucoma;
  •       Congenital glaucoma.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

If someone has open-angle glaucoma, the only symptom they can experience is loss of vision. This may not be noticeable before glaucoma increases at an open angle and loss of vision becomes severe because the uninfected eye compensates the affected eye in the early stages of glaucoma at an open angle. Peripheral vision (the ability to see objects not directly in front of the eye – peripheral vision) is often weak before the central vision (vision caused by light rays falling directly at the center point of the eye – central vision).

Symptoms of open-angle glaucoma from time to time and for a relatively short period of time, such as blurred vision. But the most severe symptoms of narrow-angle glaucoma are those that include long-term blurred vision, eye pain, and seeing some auras around strong light points, red eyes, nausea, and vomiting.

Signs of congenital glaucoma usually include paralysis of the eye and hypersensitivity to light. Children may have other additional symptoms most of the time, such as persistent itching, strabismus, or closed eyes.

What are the causes of glaucoma?

In general, intraocular pressure (intraocular hypertension) causes damage to the optic nerve. This can happen when an excess amount of fluid accumulates inside the eye, either because the eye itself produces excess fluid, or because the fluid from the eye has a problem with its drainage. However, there are cases where glaucoma is present and does not occur due to intraocular hypertension. There is no known cause of glaucoma in these cases.

Eye injury, eye surgery or eye cancer can cause glaucoma. Some medications, such as corticosteroids, may lead to glaucoma, which is used to treat various other diseases.

How can glaucoma be diagnosed?

The doctor asks the patient questions about his symptoms and then performs a thorough physical examination. If the doctor thinks that someone is suffering from glaucoma, he will refer him to an ophthalmologist immediately to complete the tests.

You should diagnose and treat glaucoma by an ophthalmologist or an ophthalmologist. Optometrists cannot diagnose and treat glaucoma.

If anyone sees the appearance of black spots in their field of vision, or problems with vision and complications that last long and worsen, they should see a doctor for guidance immediately.

It is also advisable to see a doctor if the person is aware of previous infections in family members with open-angle glaucoma (family history), if they are 70 years of age or older, or if they have diabetes.

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